Sarcoma is the general term for a broad group of cancers that begin in the bones and in the soft tissues. Bone sarcomas are rare tumors, approximating 0.2% of all cancers. The common subtypes identified in India include Ewing sarcoma and synovial sarcoma. Soft tissue sarcoma forms in the tissues that connect, support, and surround other body structures. This includes muscle, fat, blood vessels, nerves, tendons, and the lining of the joints. It has an average 2.1% frequency rate in males and 1.2% in females. Treatment for sarcoma varies depending on sarcoma type, location, and other factors. As Sarcoma Awareness Day is observed every year in the month of July, we, at Medicircle, are conducting an exclusive series to raise awareness about this rare medical condition.
Dr. Samar Gupte is Gynecology Onco-surgeon and is trained in the UK for 2 years. Over the years, he has been invited as a speaker and organizer for a large number of national and international conferences and in the CMEs for gynecology cancer. Recently, he has been recognized by the Cambodian University for gestational trophoblastic tumors. He has articles published and featured in large international magazines. He is in charge of the Women’s Lions Club at Khar Danda Mumbai. He is also on board and part of the National Commission for Women’s Welfare
Sarcoma is a rare and dangerous disease
Dr. Samar Gupte says, “ Our body consists of solid organs and liquid organs like blood. Similarly, cancers are divided into the -
Solid-organ sarcomas like lung cancer, liver cancer. Liquid organ Sarcomas like leukemia, lymphoma
The organs and cells in our body are joined together with connective tissue. Cancer arising from this connective tissue is called sarcoma. Sarcoma is a rare and dangerous form of cancer that is difficult to treat with chemotherapy and radiation."
Early detection of uterine sarcomas in females
Dr. Samar Gupte informs, “Sarcoma is present in women in their uterus which is also called uterine sarcomas. Usually, this cancer is detectable at the late stage of 50 + age groups. Women at this stage have already entered the menopause stage and have no bleeding or menses."
Symptoms of the uterine sarcoma
Dr. Samar Gupte states, “These symptoms must be checked in women above the age group of 50 + which are-
Sudden bleeding Spotting of blood Foul-smelling discharge White discharge Frequent urination The problem in bowel movements
This calls for immediate attention and should not be neglected. Detection of sarcoma at an early stage is a must to avoid the spreading of cancer."
Treatment of sarcoma
Dr. Samar Gupte informs,” Early diagnosis is a must for sarcoma. When sarcoma is detected at an early stage, it can be cured with surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation. Treatment depends on -
Location of cancer Spread of cancer Origin of cancer Type of sarcoma whether fast-growing or slow-growing."
Advice from an expert on sarcoma
Dr. Samar Gupte states, “ Don't lose hope in cancer. If you feel cancer or sarcoma is dangerous,
don't lose hope. There is some form of treatment available for everybody. Hope increases the chances to live. Cancer is a difficult treatment and the patients might get frustrated with recovery. I always advise to the patients that do not give it. Your support system, which is your family and friends, must be strong and trained towards cancer treatment. Training the support system for cancer treatment."
(Edited by Dr.Rati Parwani)