Empagliflozin reduced the risk of total (first plus recurrent) cardiovascular events compared with placebo, when both were given on top of standard of care, in adults with type 2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease over the three years of the EMPA-REG OUTCOME®trial, according to results of a new post-hoc analysis. Total cardiovascular events included 3P-MACE (a composite of non-fatal heart attack, non-fatal stroke and cardiovascular death), hospitalization for heart failure and all-cause hospitalization. The findings, announced by Boehringer Ingelheim and Eli Lilly and Company, were published in TheLancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.
“People with type 2 diabetes and established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease are at an increased risk of cardiovascular complications often requiring recurrent admissions to hospital, imposing a significant burden on quality of life for patients and on healthcare systems,” said Darren McGuire, M.D., M.H.Sc., lead author of the analysis and Professor of Medicine at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and Parkland Health and Hospital System. “Considering the totality of hospitalization events, as opposed to just the first event that is most commonly analyzed in clinical trials, better reflects the net effect of beneficial therapies. These new findings help us understand the impact of long-term treatment with empagliflozin for adults who may experience recurrent events due to these debilitating conditions.”
Previously,the landmark EMPA-REG OUTCOME® trial showed that, in adults with type 2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease, empagliflozin reduced the relative risk of 3P-MACE by 14 percent, driven by a 38 percent reduction in the relative risk of cardiovascular death.
These new exploratory analyses show that, when added to standard of care, empagliflozin reduced the relative risk of the following total (first plus recurrent) events versus placebo:
- 3P-MACE by 22 percent
- Hospitalizations for heart failure by 42 percent
- All-cause hospitalizations by 17 percent
- Fatal or non-fatal myocardial infarction, commonly known as heart attack, by 21 percent
- Coronary heart disease events (a composite of myocardial infarction and coronary revascularization) by 20 percent.
“These new findings add to previous evidence of the ability of empagliflozin to reduce cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, and in fact suggest additional positive effects of empagliflozin on hospitalization and atherosclerosis-related outcomes in people with type 2 diabetes with established cardiovascular disease,” said Waheed Jamal, M.D., Corporate Vice President and Head of CardioMetabolic Medicine, Boehringer Ingelheim.
“Boehringer Ingelheim and Lilly will continue to explore how empagliflozin can potentially improve health outcomes and fill treatment gaps for adults with type 2 diabetes and heart disease,” said Jeff Emmick, M.D., Ph.D., Vice President, Product Development, Lilly. “We look forward to presenting further results from our EMPOWER program, which is one of the largest cardiovascular clinical programs for an SGLT2 inhibitor to date with more than 377,000 adults studied worldwide.”
About EMPA-REG OUTCOME® (NCT01131676)3
EMPA-REG OUTCOME® was a long-term, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of more than 7,000 patients from 42 countries with type 2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease.
The study assessed the effect of empagliflozin (10 mg or 25 mg once daily) added to standard of care compared with placebo added to standard of care. Standard of care was comprised of glucose-lowering agents and cardiovascular drugs (including medication for the treatment of hypertension and hypercholesteremia). The primary endpoint was defined as time to first occurrence of cardiovascular death, non-fatal heart attack or non-fatal stroke.
About the EMPOWER program
The Alliance has developed the EMPOWER program to explore the impact of empagliflozin on major clinical cardiovascular and renal outcomes in a spectrum of cardio-renal-metabolic conditions. Cardio-renal-metabolic conditions are the leading cause of mortality worldwide and account for up to 20 million deaths annually.4 Through the EMPOWER program, Boehringer Ingelheim and Lilly are working to advance knowledge of these interconnected systems and create care which offers integrated, multi-organ benefits. Comprised of nine clinical trials and two real-world evidence studies, EMPOWER reinforces the long-term commitment of the Alliance to improve outcomes for people living with cardio-renal-metabolic conditions. With more than 377,000 adults estimated to have enrolled worldwide upon completion of the studies, it is one of the broadest and most comprehensive clinical programs for an SGLT2 inhibitor to date.