Expert Suggestion To Control and Manage Blood Pressure

Dr. Rishit Harbada talks about the causes of hypertension and how to diagnose it at an early stage with help of your doctor. He also informs about the complications of hypertension and says that HTN should be monitored regularly. He also informs about the precautionary measures which can help in maintaining controlled blood pressure.

Dr. Rishit Harbada is a consultant Nephrologist (hypertension and kidney specialist). He has completed his MBBS from VIMS, Ahmednagar, and has been a gold medalist throughout his MBBS. He accomplished his MD in Medicine from Bombay Hospital Institute of Medical Sciences, Mumbai. He then joined Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre for DNB NEPHROLOGY which he cleared with flying colors. He holds the membership in the prestigious Royal College of physicians, London. He is currently a consultant Nephrologist at SRV hospital, Goregaon, Bses hospital, Andheri, and many others.

Hypertension is genetic or not 

Dr. Rishit Harbada states, “Hypertension is a common problem. One in 3 people gets affected by hypertension. 90 % of hypertension is primary hypertension without any unknown cause. The other 10 % may be due to kidney problems or hormonal issues. 90 % of hypertension which is essential hypertension is polygenetic. There is no particular gene to causes hypertension. Multiple genes are responsible for it. There may be a genetic predisposition for hypertension. There can be various causes of hypertension like- 

  • Smoking 
  • Obesity 
  • Increased BMI 
  • Alcohol 
  • More salt 
  • Alcohol

Hypertension is the combination of both genetics and environmental factors which play a role in hypertension.”

Symptoms of hypertension

Dr. Rishit Harbada informs, ”There are no visible symptoms and signs of blood pressure. Patients usually go for regular health check-ups and find out about blood pressure. The symptoms of hypertension are - 

  • Headache 
  • Night sweats 
  • Chest pain 
  • Eye floaters 
  • Stroke

There are no symptoms of hypertension. Hypertension may increase at times and affect the brain and heart which may show symptoms. Do not wait for hypertension signs and symptoms and get a regular check-up done.”

Hypertension is called a silent killer

Dr. Rishit Harbada informs, “Hypertension is a silent killer as it does not have any symptoms. It is a deadly killer and does not tell the main problem. Hypertension affects the arteries causing more pressure and this increases the blood flow to the heart and other organs affecting the - 

  • Brain causing stroke or paralysis 
  • Heart causing a heart attack, failure, and lung disease
  • Eyes causing bleeding eyes and loss of vision
  • Kidney causing kidney failure 
  • Leg vessels cause peripheral vessel disease 

Around 46% of people do not know that they have any hypertension and they suddenly fall into this category when they come up with complications. 

Diagnosis of hypertension

Dr. Rishit Harbada says,” It is easily diagnosed and checked by the doctor with the blood pressure machine. The blood pressure apparatus is called a sphygmomanometer.  You should be relaxed and sit for 5 - 10 mins once you visit the doctor. The doctor checks blood pressure in both arms and checks regularly. There might be some anxiety when you go to the doctor and this may increase the blood pressure. It is advisable to check blood pressure recordings on two to three different occasions. It is directly not dependent on one reading. Multiple readings are required to check the blood pressure. It is advisable to check BP at home when you are more relaxed. There is 24 hours ambulatory blood pressure machine and this checks the machine for the entire 24 hours as you do your daily routine. This will clearly indicate whether the person is having hypertension or not. This is how blood pressure is diagnosed. Other organs can also be checked for changes in hypertension -

  • Eyes - especially the retina
  • Heart - ECG, 2D Echo 
  • Kidney - urine routine 

As per guidelines, - 

  • You should check your blood pressure once a year if above 40 
  • If you are above 35 and have diabetes or obesity, you should check your blood pressure twice a year
  • Patients between 18 - and 35 years should check their blood pressure once every 2 years.”

Precautionary measures for hypertension 

Dr Rishit Harbada informs, “ The precautionary measures for hypertension are- 

  • Do not take stress - stress management 
  • Weight reduction 
  • Lifestyle modification- 30 mins walking
  • Avoid excessive salt 
  • Avoid alcohol and smoking
  • Avoid packaged foods 
  • Control diabetes 
  • Control cholesterol
  • Take medicines and lifestyle precautions.”

Edited By: Dr.Rati Parwani 

Contributed By: Dr. Rishit Harbada, Consultant Nephrologist, SRV hospital

Tags : #health-trending-topics #bloodpressure #hypertensionawareness #drrishitharbada #consultantnephrologist #srvhospital #healthyheart #hypertensionprevention #smitakumar #medicircle

Related Stories

Loading Please wait...


Trending Now

FORSYS Inc opens new office in financial districtFebruary 29, 2024
The Rise in Patients Requiring Revision Hip Replacement SurgeryFebruary 29, 2024
Aakash Launches Study Material in BengaliFebruary 29, 2024
Harmony in Action: Nisarg Srishti's Dual Impact Initiative Unleashes a Symphony of Change at Sane Guruji Shikshan Sanshtha, Pragati VidyalayaFebruary 29, 2024
Wearable Tech in the Bedroom: Introducing Loop, MyMuse’s Vibrating Ring Massager for MenFebruary 28, 2024
TechInvention Lifecare announces the ground breaking of its state-of-the-art Global Collaborative Centre for Medical Countermeasures February 28, 2024
Endocrine Disorders: Causes, Tests And TreatmentFebruary 28, 2024
Çelebi Delhi Cargo Terminal Management Bolsters Security and Efficiency with "CargoCEL," Barcode Scanning UpgradeFebruary 28, 2024
Venkaiah Naidu unveiled a book “There I Was” authored by Mrs Aruna Ravi KumarFebruary 27, 2024
Maxivision Super Specialty Eye Hospitals introduces Schwind Amaris 500, a state-of-the-art German InnovationFebruary 27, 2024
Maximising circular economy strategies for rare earth elements supplyFebruary 27, 2024
FICCI Ladies Organization organised an interaction with one of the doyens of the Indian IT industry Dr BVR Mohan ReddyFebruary 27, 2024
Nat Habit strengthens leadership to accelerate its growth journey to 500 Cr; onboards Ankita Srivastava (ex-L’Oreal, Reckitt, Marico, Raymond Consumer Care) as Chief Marketing OfficerFebruary 27, 2024
Shiprocket Launches Aarambh 2024 for Women-Led SMEs NationwideFebruary 27, 2024
Treatment is prevention: Stop the spread of infection by finding all and treating all TBFebruary 27, 2024
Advancing Healthcare Access: ScreenHer initiative in Pakistan close to reaching milestone of 20,000 diabetes screenings in 70 clinics February 26, 2024
FICCI Ladies Organization organized an interaction with one of the doyens of Indian IT industry Dr BVR Mohan ReddyFebruary 26, 2024
Former Secretary General of SCSC, Krishna Yedula conferred with Doctorate in HumanityFebruary 25, 2024
Project Champion School Games held February 25, 2024
Daksha 3.0, a nation level techno-test organised by Anurag University concludedFebruary 25, 2024