In a significant breakthrough, researchers at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Bhopal have developed a revolutionary biomedical adhesive. This innovative adhesive has the potential to seal and repair injured tissues, offering a promising solution in various fields, including medicine, dentistry, and tissue engineering. The adhesive, known for its biodegradability and biocompatibility, has the unique ability to bind tissues, bones, eggshells, and wood in both air and underwater environments. Unlike traditional methods, it requires no additional crosslinking agents or metal ions, making it an eco-friendly and versatile option for various applications.
The research team behind this groundbreaking discovery includes Prof Aasheesh Srivastava from the Department of Chemistry at IISER Bhopal, Dr Aashish Sharma, Associate Professor at the School of Medical and Allied Sciences, GD Goenka University, Haryana, and Dr Tanmay Dutta, Postdoctoral Researcher at IISER Bhopal.
Understanding Biomedical Adhesives: Biomedical adhesives play a crucial role in bonding and sealing materials, providing support and cohesion for tissue repair. These adhesives are widely used in the medical field, and the inspiration for suitable materials often comes from nature, particularly from underwater organisms like sandcastle worms and mussels.
Key Features of the Biomedical Adhesive:
1. Biodegradability and Biocompatibility: The newly developed adhesive boasts biodegradable properties, ensuring that it breaks down naturally over time. Additionally, its biocompatibility makes it safe for use in medical applications without causing harm to living tissues.
2. Versatility: The adhesive exhibits remarkable versatility by effectively binding various materials, including tissues, bones, eggshells, and wood. Its ability to perform both in air and underwater expands its range of potential applications.
3. No Additional Agents Required: Unlike conventional methods, this adhesive eliminates the need for additional crosslinking agents or metal ions. This not only simplifies the application process but also contributes to its eco-friendly nature.
Applications in Various Fields: The discovery opens doors to numerous applications, with potential uses in
• Medicine: As an alternative to sutures, staples, and wires in wound closures, the adhesive can revolutionize medical procedures, providing effective and less invasive options for patients.
• Orthopedic Procedures: The adhesive's compatibility with bone repair makes it a promising candidate for orthopaedic surgeries and related applications.
• Drug Delivery: The adhesive's unique properties could be harnessed for controlled and targeted drug delivery systems, enhancing the efficiency of pharmaceutical treatments.
• Tissue Engineering: Researchers are actively working to optimize the adhesive for tissue engineering applications, paving the way for advancements in regenerative medicine.
The IISER research team's development of a synthetic biomedical adhesive marks a significant leap in the quest for innovative and sustainable solutions in healthcare. With its biodegradable nature, biocompatibility, and versatile bonding capabilities, this adhesive holds the potential to redefine the landscape of medical adhesives. As the researchers continue to optimize its real-life applications, the impact of this discovery on medicine, dentistry, and various other fields is poised to be transformative