Brain tumor – Symptoms and causes

The brain tumor is one of the difficult conditions to treat. We often get confused with migraine pain and tumor pain. Let’s get a deeper knowledge of the significant characteristics of brain tumors and help prevent their advanced stages. Early diagnosis is the key to success in any treatment.

Abnormal or uncontrolled growth of cells is called a tumor and if it happens in the brain, it’s called a brain tumor. It can be categorized in

Primary – Brain cells grow and multiply abnormally

Secondary – when abnormal cells spread from the brain to other parts of the body. It is also known as a metastatic tumor. They usually spread through the bloodstream. Breast, kidney, and skin cancers often spread to the brain first.

Signs and symptoms

  • Severe persistent headaches
  • Migraine pain
  • Pain may be worse in the morning and may be associated with nausea and vomiting
  • Headaches that worsen with coughing, exercising, and changing position.
  • Sudden onset of seizures or fits
  • Irritability, drowsiness, apathy
  • Numbness or tingling in the arm or legs
  • Dizziness
  • Partial loss of vision or hearing
  • Hallucination, depression, and mood swings
  • Personality changes including abnormal and uncharacteristic behavior
  • Speech difficulties
  • Loss of sense of smell

Warning signs in women

  • Nipple discharge
  • Excessive body hair
  • Lack of menstruation

Common Causes

  • Being overweight or obese
  • Unhealthy lifestyle including smoking and alcohol consumption
  • As we age, the risk of getting brain tumor increases
  • Frequent exposure to radiation from X-rays, ultrasound, CT scans, nuclear plants, and mobile phones may trigger tumors.
  • Exposure to certain harmful chemicals – for example – cadmium, arsenic compounds, nickel, tobacco smoke, and diesel exhaust.
  • Cancer patients are at increased risk of contracting brain tumors. 
  • In some cases, brain tumors are genetically inherited. If there is a family history of brain tumors, the individual is at increased risk of the condition.

Pain in the back of the head – If the tumor grows large enough, pressing on the nerves or blood vessels can cause pain in the back of the head. 

Significant characteristics of brain tumor headaches

  • Will wake you up in the night
  • Pain migrates as you change positions
  • Pain does not subside with OTC medicines
  • Pain worsens with coughing, sneezing, or straining
  • May dull, sharp, or stabbing
  • Localized to a specific area
  • May last for days or week

However, some of these symptoms are also characteristics of obstructive sleep apnea and migraine. Thus, it is always important to note the onset, pattern, and characteristics of your headaches and consult the doctor for the same. 

Treatment available for brain tumor

  • Craniotomy – Opening the skull and removing the tumor
  • Surgery using MRI – Doctors view the tumor and operate
  • Radiation and chemotherapy – Slowing down the growth of brain tumor
  • Proton therapy – Treat tumors of sensitive places
  • Laser Interstitial thermal therapy – Implanting a laser catheter into the tumor and heating it to temperatures high enough to kill the tumor.

(Disclaimer: The content on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be taken as professional medical advice.  Always seek the guidance of your doctor or other health professionals for any questions you may have regarding your health or a medical condition.)


Tags : #Health #Braintumor #migraine #OSA #Tumor #braincancer #Cancer #metastasis #Braintumorsymptoms #Medicircle #SmitaKumar

About the Author

Renu Gupta

With a background in Pharmacy which is the clinical health science that links medical science with chemistry, I had the desire to mix creativity to these fields. Medicircle provides me an avenue to apply my training in science and interest in creativity together.

Related Stories

Loading Please wait...


Trending Now

Actor-Director Sathish Kaushik Died of a Heart Attack at the Age of 66March 09, 2023
Soleus Push-Ups: A Laziest Exercise to Lower Blood Sugar LevelsMarch 09, 2023
World Kidney Day 2023: Be Aware of Kidney DiseasesMarch 09, 2023
Sushmita Sen reveals about suffering from a severe heart attack recently and Addison's disease in 2014March 06, 2023
A significant increase in influenza A H3N2 patients that are accompanied by severe coughing and feverMarch 06, 2023
Is AIDS or HIV curable in Ayurveda?March 03, 2023
Artificial Sweetener Erythritol Raises the Possibility of Heart Attack.March 01, 2023
Difference between HIV and AIDS - When to give antiretroviral therapy?March 01, 2023
Zero Discrimination Day: Let's Raise the Voice Against DiscriminationMarch 01, 2023
International Women’s Day 2023 – Embrace EquityFebruary 28, 2023
Brain Tumors - Types, Symptoms and Risk FactorsFebruary 28, 2023
World Rare Disease Day: End Stigma Against Rare Diseases.February 28, 2023
National Science Day 2023 - Global Science for Global WellbeingFebruary 28, 2023
Eating disorders - Types and their complicationsFebruary 27, 2023
The condition that took away the life of Malayalam filmmaker, Joseph ManuFebruary 27, 2023
World NGO Day 2023 - We make a living by what we get, but we make a life by what we giveFebruary 27, 2023
Functions and Problems of SerotoninFebruary 25, 2023
Arthritis management – Tips to manage arthritis effectivelyFebruary 25, 2023
Apple has undertaken a project of no-prick blood sugar monitoring feature for its watch.February 24, 2023
Bird flu – Jharkhand on alert, know its prevention and symptoms in humansFebruary 24, 2023