Know the major causes of breast cancer for taking utmost care

According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information “2020, in India, BC accounted for 13.5% (178361) of all cancer cases and 10.6% (90408) of all deaths with a cumulative risk of 2.81. . It has now surpassed lung cancer as the leading cause of global cancer incidence in 2020, with an estimated 2.3 million new cases, totaling up to 11.7%"

Dr. Geetha Nagasree is the first female Surgical Oncologist in the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh with an experience of over 20 years.

What is breast cancer?

Any type of cancer malignant in the breast is called breast cancer. It can be from the breast gland, skin or melanoma but it should arising from the breast and this is called breast cancer. When compared with men, it is noticed that it is more common in women. 

Major causes of breast cancer

There is no particular cause for breast cancer. Cancer is the division of cells. There are two types of genes mainly including Proto-oncogenes and Tumour suppressor occur in a balance, so that cell division occur in a smooth way. The uncontrollable way of cell division is known as  tumour or malignant (spreads to others). 

Dr. Geetha Nagasree states “1 in 20 are likely to get breast cancer in the future and it is due to the fact that a lot of lifestyle changes occur in womens day to tday life like Sedentary lifestyle, obesity, changed food habits, westernization, fast foods and pollution are the various factors for breast cancer because of increased hormone exposure. Teenage girls have 30-40% Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) which leads to the delay in periods, irregular cycles, infertility and then cancers and thus, breast cancer is considered as a lifestyle disease.”

Signs and symptoms of breast cancer

The most common symptom is palpable lump. 20% are malignant lumps but an individual should view every lump with suspicion so that the patient doen't miss any diagnosis. Retraction of the nipple, blood discharge from the nipple, lump in the axillary, Skin changes like Peau D'Orange are usually the signs of breast cancer. 

Early diagnosis is the key to the survival from breast cancer. Screening Mammography and lesions found in mammography that is screen-detected lesions can be done. If some lesions are detected Biopsy test or Wire localization can then be done which can reduce mortality. Average instance of breast cancer in India is 10 years less than west. 30% of breast cancer occurs below 40 years of age. Young-age breast cancers are very aggressive and are more common in India than the west. Start yearly screening at the age of 40.

Are elder women more likely to develop breast cancer?

Yes, as age advances, the chances of breast cancer increases. Life expectancy has increased to 75-80 years and has become one of the reason for the increase in breast cancer.

Can a woman breastfeed her baby if she has breast cancer?

After diagnosis, she needs to undergo the treatment of breast cancer, and after that the mother can then breastfeed the child. While Chemotherapy secretes some drugs, it is important to avoid breastfeeding. 

Which breast is more prone to cancer?

Both of the breasts have equal chances of getting cancer.

Are only women affected by breast cancer?

No, even men get breast cancer. Women have 200 folds more chances of getting breast cancer than men. 

Can smoking increase the risk of breast cancer?

Yes, Smoking increases the risk of cancers like stomach cancer, bladder cancer, lung cancer, cervical cancer and even breast cancer.

Is breast cancer surgery painful?

No, the breast cancer surgery is not a major burden. Women should not be worried about foregoing their breast.

(Edited by Elvis Almeida)

 

Contributed By: Dr Geetha Nagasree, Surgical Oncologist, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh
Tags : #Healthcare-Trending-Topics #DrGeethaNagasree #breastcancer #breastcancerawareness #cancer #breastcancersurvivor #cancersurvivor #cancerawareness #chemotherapy #cancerfighter #breastcancerwarrior #health #cancerdemama #breastcancerfighter #breastcancersupport #womenshealth #breastcancercare #cancerfree #cancerresearch #Medicircle #SmitaKumar

Related Stories

Loading Please wait...

-Advertisements-




Trending Now

Over-the-Counter Medications in India: A New Era of AccessibilityMay 18, 2024
DCGI Acts Against Overcharging: New Regulations for Blood CentresMay 17, 2024
Cattle as Hosts for Human and Bird Flu Viruses: A Potential Public Health ConcernMay 17, 2024
The Ethics of Live Surgery Broadcasts: NMC Seeks Public OpinionMay 17, 2024
Successful Removal of 3.7 KG Large Abdominal Tumor from 14-Year-Old Somalian Girl at KIMS Cuddles HospitalMay 16, 2024
iLEAD Sets a Precedent by Launching a Graphic Anthology Authored by Multimedia, Animation and Graphics Students May 16, 2024
Ramaiah Memorial Hospital Launches Novel Intra-Operative Radiation Therapy (IORT); Achieves significant advancement in Cancer Treatment to Enhance Quality of LifeMay 16, 2024
IIITH Announces Product Management Summer SchoolMay 16, 2024
Çelebi India's Delhi Cargo Terminal Successfully Handles Airbus H125 Helicopter ShipmentMay 16, 2024
Plant-Based Diets and Prostate Cancer: New UCSF Study Shows Promising ResultsMay 16, 2024
National Medical Commission Approves 112 New Medical CollegesMay 16, 2024
Study Suggests That Chemotherapy Results in Physical Decline for Older Women with Breast CancerMay 16, 2024
Google DeepMind's AlphaFold 3: Revolutionizing Drug Discovery with AIMay 16, 2024
Hester Biosciences Ltd reports Consolidated Revenue growth of 18% at Rs. 79.3 crore, EBITDA up 37% to Rs. 16.4 crore and Net Profit up 12% to Rs. 6.40 crore in Q4FY24May 16, 2024
Akshay Tritiya Parna Mahotsav heldMay 16, 2024
IT Minister Sridhar Babu to grace the 10th National Facilities Managers Summit-2024, to be held in the cityMay 15, 2024
Alarming Study Reveals Cancer-Causing Chemicals in Car InteriorsMay 15, 2024
India's Thalassemia Challenge: The Importance of Early Screening and TreatmentMay 15, 2024
The Dangers of Ultra-Processed Foods: A 30-Year Study Raises AlarmsMay 15, 2024
Unique Genetic Risk Factors for Breast Cancer Found in African Ancestry StudyMay 15, 2024