As per the recent study published in JAMA Network Open, COVID-19 infection was associated with an increased risk of diabetes, this risk persisted as the Omicron variant became predominant.
The study includes 23,709 patients, of which 12,706 were females (54%) and 10,981 were males (46%) who had COVID infection at least once. The researchers found that rates of new-onset diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and benchmark diagnoses occurring in the 90 days after COVID-19 infection were higher than those before the infection
Vaccination and COVID adversities
The study also revealed the connection between vaccination and the risk of contracting COVID adversities. The study suggests that vaccination is the best way to prevent adversities. Diabetes risk after COVID-19 infection was higher in unvaccinated than in vaccinated patients, suggesting a benefit of vaccination. Vaccinations were given in two doses and one dose as a booster dose to enhance the synergistic effects of vaccines. Some countries follow the criteria of 4 COVID vaccines which comprise 2 primary doses and 2 booster doses.
The study findings have found that COVID is still a big threat to the human body, especially the major body organ systems. The study is appropriate because it studied the cases from March 2020 to June 2022, covering a major part of the pandemic where at least three major waves of the COVID infection were seen. The Omicron variant is the milder version of coronavirus and is less severe.
COVID impact on the body system
There are studies that have demonstrated that COVID has a direct impact on the cardiovascular system, hypertension, and hyperlipidaemia as well. Though COVID is a respiratory disease primarily it might have temporary or lasting damage to the heart. There are patients who have experienced heart-related issues after getting infected with a virus.
How does COVID affect other body systems?
The reason why COVID affects other body organs is due to the presence of the ACE2 receptors which facilitate the entry of the virus into the healthy cells of other organs. The ACE2 receptor is present in many cell types including major organs like the lungs, heart, blood vessels, kidneys, liver, and gastrointestinal tract.