Gestational diabetes : Symptoms, Prevention, Risk factors - Medicircle

Gestational diabetes is diabetes during pregnancy. It can negatively affect both the woman and her baby. Know everything about it so as to prevent it.

Gestational diabetes is diabetes during pregnancy. It can negatively affect both the woman and her baby. 

Complications associated with gestational diabetes

  • Hypertension
  • Preeclampsia
  • Increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in later life
  • Premature birth of baby
  • Baby with low blood sugar levels

Tips to prevent gestational diabetes

1. First, attain a healthy weight – Before conceiving, women should follow a healthy lifestyle that can help achieve a healthy weight ahead of getting pregnant. BMI greater than 25 increases the risk of developing gestational diabetes. However, consuming a healthy diet can help reduce the risk.

Modify your diet with

  • Small portion size
  • Avoiding packaged and junk food
  • Eating more lean protein that keeps the tummy full for longer
  • Consuming enough fiber through fruits and vegetables
  • Replacing juices, and caffeinated products with herbal tea, lemon tea, and soda lemon.

2. Exercise – Exercise plays a vital role in keeping weight healthy. Both before and after pregnancy, exercise can help prevent gestational diabetes. Say goodbye to your sedentary lifestyle with

  • Night walking or cycling
  • Using stairs and not lift
  • Spending your leisure time doing activities like playing with children, gardening, etc
  • Swimming
  • Yoga and meditation especially for pregnant women

All should do moderate-intensity exercise like walking 30 minutes daily for 4-5 days/week. Pregnant women should consult their doctors before initiating any new exercise. 

3. Healthy eating in pregnancy – Morning sickness, cravings, and pain are really challenging during any pregnancy. Eating healthy food options ensures that women gain desired healthy weight each trimester. Some healthy food choices are

  • Lean proteins
  • Healthy fats like nuts, olive oil, and coconut oil
  • Whole grains such as brown rice and pasta
  • Lots of fruits
  • Low-fat dairy products
  • Non-starchy vegetables

Unhealthy food choices

  • Processed foods
  • Carbonated beverages
  • Sugary food products

4. Regular checkups – Pregnant women should visit their gynecologist on a regular basis for routine care. Follow all her advice and precautionary measures.

Risk factors

  • Obesity or overweight
  • Had gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy
  • Family history of type 2 diabetes
  • Have prediabetes

Signs and symptoms

  • Extreme thirst
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent urination
  • Sugar in urine
  • Blurred vision
  • Bladder, vaginal skin infection

(Disclaimer: The content on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be taken as professional medical advice.  Always seek the guidance of your doctor or other health professionals for any questions you may have regarding your health or a medical condition.)

Tags : #Health #Gestationaldiabetes #Diabetes #Type2diabetes #Diabetesinpregnancy #Bloodsugarlevels #Pregnancycare #Pregnancy #Diabetesmanagement #medicircle #smitakumar

About the Author


Renu Gupta

With a background in Pharmacy which is the clinical health science that links medical science with chemistry, I had the desire to mix creativity to these fields. Medicircle provides me an avenue to apply my training in science and interest in creativity together.

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