All diseases and disorders start somewhere, and the prognosis is much better, the earlier you diagnose it. Many health problems remain neglected for months and even years and so are routine health check-ups. The importance of routine health check-ups lies in the fact that early diagnosis leads to a positive outcome of treatment. After attaining a certain age, the body’s metabolism slows down and it takes time to burn the calories resulting in weight gain. Aging is also a major risk factor for diabetes, heart disease, cholesterol, hypertension, etc. There are certain medical tests that are to be done compulsorily every year.
Blood pressure – It is the pressure of your blood against your arteries. Normal blood pressure is less than 120 over 80. Doctors define high blood pressure, or hypertension, as 130 over 80 or higher. Hypertension is among the major risk factors for heart disease and stroke. Every individual should get it checked at least twice a year. If it's high, you may have to take it more often.
Blood test – Also known as Complete Blood Count (CBC). It is majorly done to determine the WBC, RBC, and platelet count. This also determines anemia, infection, and certain kinds of cancers also. CBC is more important for females since blood disorders like anemia are more prominent in females and detecting the condition earlier helps in better treatment.
Blood sugar test - It's a simple test that measures the level of sugar or glucose in your blood. It is done after 12 hours of fasting. This test determines diabetes or prediabetes. If it’s below 99, it is normal but if it’s between 100-110, it indicates the stage of prediabetes. You should immediately consult a doctor if it’s even a little above the normal range.
Breast cancer screening – The risk of breast cancer increases once you reach 40. The risk doubles if you have a family history of breast cancer. Hence females should go for MRI and Mammogram tests as and when required. All females after 40 should get tested for a Mammogram test at least once a year.
Pap smear test – This test detects the presence of cervical cancer. This also determines the presence of the HPV virus.
Every year we all should get our flu shots without fail.
DTP vaccine – Diphtheria Tetanus Pertussis vaccine every year plus booster dose every 10 years.
Chickenpox vaccine – Two doses of this vaccine is required to fight off the infection for adolescents as well as adults.
Hepatitis B vaccine – Most people who are vaccinated with Hepatitis B are immune for life.
Staying healthier is staying happier.