We lead busy lifestyles and barely get time to sit and actually process our thoughts, which is likely a reason why mental health issues or underlying problems go unassessed. The majority of these occur in underdeveloped and developing countries. These figures are startling, considering that suicide is preventable. Undiagnosed and untreated mental illness is the biggest reason behind the suicide
Every 40 seconds someone takes their own life according to the World Health Organization (WHO). That’s about 800,000 people worldwide every year — although some estimates put that number closer to 1 million. Suicide is the leading cause of death for people aged 15 to 29 and for every suicide that results in death, there are as many as 40 attempted suicides.
The International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) initiated World Suicide Prevention Day in 2003. The day is co-sponsored by the World Federation for Mental Health and World Health Organization. The aim of the day is to research and collect data on suicidal behavior, determine the various causes and why its signs go unnoticed, and developing sound practices and policies for suicide prevention.
Dr. Keerti Sachdeva has rich clinical experience of more than 26 years as a psychologist. Dr. Keerti Sachdeva has been working as a Counselling Psychologist for more than 26 years. She has done her Ph.D. in Social Psychology from a University named Delhi University, her M.Phil. in Educational Psychology also from world-renowned University JNU, New Delhi, and her M.Sc. in Child Psychology from Bhilai. She specializes in children, adolescents, relationship hazards, and marital problems.
The age group with higher suicidal tendencies
Dr. Keerti Sachdeva says, “Higher suicidal tendencies are seen in the age group of 10 - 40 ages. Adolescents age group is more prone as they have many challenges to face like-
Pressure from education Pressure from parents Expectations from parents Peer pressure
So, the age group of 12 - 25 years of age is more prone to pressure and thus suicidal tendency.
Most people who committed suicide fall in the category in 12 - 25 age group which is adolescent age group.”
Warning signs of the person committing suicide
Dr. Sachdeva says, “ The Warning Signs of the person committing suicide-
Depression Sad Fear Seclusion Demotivated No desire to meet and talk Anger Crying Not able to get up in the morning Lack of appetite Lack of focus in work Marks of the blade on skin Starting to attempt suicide Self-harm injuries on the body Talking about suicide Wants to stay alone Negative talking Feeling loneliness."
Dealing with the suicidal tendencies of a person
Dr. Sachdeva says, “Parents generally tend to ask direct questions which should be avoided. The main cause of suicidal tendencies is depression. Everybody is aware that an increase in depression symptoms causes suicidal tendencies. Parents should ask these questions indirectly to the patients even though the focus is to ask about suicidal tendencies. The questions to ask are as follows-
Is it that you feel like questioning the life that you have?
Is that you have less interest in life?
Do you feel that life is a waste?
Why are you sad, unmotivated, and tired?
These are questions to ask indirectly.”
Prevent and help suicidal tendencies
Dr. Sachdeva says, “ If you have observed suicidal tendencies then do the following-
Consult the psychiatrist After medications, counseling can be given Consult the psychologist Lifestyle changes Dealing with cognitive side Indulging in brain intellect activities Change emotions Change your behavior Indulge in physical activities which help in charging you with happy hormones Reading for the thought process Meditation music Go for movies and holiday Family and friends support Family counseling”
(Edited by Dr.Rati Parwani)