Post-discharge Care For Premature Babies | Medicircle

Premature babies need extra care and attention called NICU care. Every mother should also take care of their baby post discharge which calls for extra attention. The baby is born in the world to fight. Helping the premature babies with special care will allow them to fight out the world.

World Prematurity Day is celebrated on November 17th, to raise awareness of the challenges and burden of preterm birth globally. The day was initiated by EFCNI and partnering European parent organizations in 2008. Preterm birth (premature birth) is a significant public health problem across the world because of associated neonatal (first 28 days of life) mortality. 

According to WHO, every year about 15 million babies are born prematurely around the world and that is more than one in 10 of all babies born globally. Of the 15 million babies born preterm globally, 1/5th are born in India. In India, out of 27 million babies born every year, 3.5 million babies born are premature. 

On the occasion of World Prematurity Day, we at Medicircle are conducting an exclusive awareness series wherein we will be featuring experts in this field to understand and create more awareness about premature birth

Dr. Shruti Thar is working in Pooja Nursing Home and Fortis Hospital as a Consultant Obstetrician. She has more than 9 + years of experience in Obstetrics and Gynecology. She has worked and associated with many hospitals like Breach Candy in South Mumbai and Wadia Hospital. She has successfully conducted more than 500+ deliveries and more than 300+ cesarean or C sections.

Causes of Premature birth 

Dr. Shruti Thar says, “ The cause of premature birth is - 

Lack of prenatal care  Infections like vaginal infections  Multiple pregnancies like triplets  Increase in amniotic fluid  Maternal conditions - uncontrolled BP, diabetes  Premature rupture of membranes  High-risk factor Lack of proper monitoring Early preterm delivery where baby birth is at 28- 32 weeks  Late preterm delivery where baby birth is 32  - 34 weeks 

Care for a premature baby in the hospital 

Dr. Shruti says, “This baby needs specific care which is as follows- 

Under the supervision of a pediatrician expert  Warm room 26 - 28 degrees of room temperature during delivery.  Cover the baby snugly if provisions are not available After delivery place the baby on the mother with skin to skin method Avoid hypoglycemia in newborn babies  Babies with more than 1 .6 kg can do breastfeeding  Low birth weight below 1.6 kg, do express breast milk  Do not keep baby hungry  Low immunity- avoid infections  Avoid handling and carrying a baby by multiple people  Sanitize hands before handling baby due to low immunity  Minimal contact and touch.”

Premature baby care at Hospital 

Dr. Shruti says, “Premature baby below 1.6 kg need special care at the hospital as follows- 

NICU care - Neonatal Intensive Care Unit  10 days under observation  Lung maturity should be checked - Injections can be taken by the mother for pregnancy  Oxygen support and surfactant to avoid breathing issues Steady heart rate.”

Post-discharge care for premature babies 

Dr. Shruti informs, “The babies need extra care as they are weak when born. The post-discharge care for such babies at home are -

Proper feed  Keep wrapped and covered to maintain temperature  Cover their head and limbs with socks etc Make sure the baby’s surroundings are clean and healthy Kangaroo care method with skin to skin contact.”

India and neonatal care for premature babies

Dr. Shruti informs, “India is a populated country. There is a lack of accessibility and availability along with affordability. There is an unmet need for tertiary care for NICU. This is a drawback of a developing country. Baby needs protection and will well develop hospital care.”  

(Edited by Dr.Rati Parwani)

Contributed by Dr. Shruti Thar, Consultant Obstetrician, Fortis Hospital 

 

 

 

 

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About the Author


Dr. Rati Parwani

Dr Rati Parwani is a Practising Professional BHMS Doctor having experience of 8 years in the medical field. Her approach towards each and every patient is the utmost professional with high standards of practice. She has nurtured her writing skills and proves it as an asset to her professionalism. She has experience in content writing and likes her writing ethical and scientific-based.

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