A set of disorders and illnesses that impact your thinking, memory, reasoning, personality, mood, and conduct are collectively referred to as dementia. A mental decline from a higher level that is severe enough to affect everyday functioning is referred to as dementia.
An individual with dementia experiences two or more of these particular challenges, such as a deterioration in behavior, coordination, speech, memory, reasoning, and emotions.
Signs and Symptoms of Dementia
Dementia signs and symptoms develop when neurons, or nerve cells, in the brain that were once healthy quit functioning, lose their connections with other brain cells and eventually die.
Signs of dementia:
- Memory loss, poor decision-making, and confusion
- Having trouble speaking and understanding
- Issues being financially responsible and paying expenses
- Asking the same questions repeatedly
- Taking too long to do routine daily things
- Experiencing hallucinations or imaginary visions
- Impulsive behavior
- A lack of concern for the emotions of others
- Imbalance issues and difficulty moving
- Lost or wandering in a familiar area
Everyone loses some neurons as they become older, but those who have dementia lose a lot more. These signs and symptoms of dementia are common. Depending on which parts of the brain are affected, each individual with a dementia diagnosis experiences a varied set of symptoms.
According to the National Health Portal, “Prevalence of dementia in India is reported to be 2.7%. As the age increase, prevalence of dementia increases. For example, nearly 20% of people above 80 suffer from dementia.”
At this time, there are no proven methods for treating or preventing dementia. However, there could be things you can do to help lower your risk, much like with many other diseases.
- Avoid smoking
- Maintaining an optimal weight
- Exercise often
- Eat nutritious food
- Manage health issues including diabetes, hypertension, and high cholesterol
- By taking up new activities, reading, or doing crossword puzzles, you may keep your mind sharp
- Maintain a good social life.
Since the origins of dementia are frequently unknown, prevention is difficult. These methods can improve your general health, even if you don't have certain known risks.
Treatments or remedy
You can help your parent, partner, or someone else you care about when they are diagnosed with dementia. This includes helping them with their memory, cognitive abilities, mood, and behavior. A low percentage of individuals may develop dementia as a result of rare genetic abnormalities. Although there is no known cure, living a healthy lifestyle can generally help lower the risk factors that have been linked to these diseases. These include treating their dementia symptoms and any other problems they might have in conjunction with their doctor.
There are other therapies that might support their daily lives. Additionally, routine behaviors such as obtaining enough sleep, eating a healthy diet, participating in social activities, and exercising are important.