Viral Pneumonia v/s Bacterial Pneumonia

Viral pneumonia is basically contagious as it spread through droplets and the severity ranges from acute to chronic

Pneumonia affects the lungs of the respiratory system. It is most commonly caused by viruses or bacteria. Any infection that causes an inflammatory response in the lung is referred to as pneumonia. The symptoms of viral pneumonia are often similar to those of bacterial pneumonia, but, depending on the virus responsible, there may be a few additional symptoms. The usual causes of pneumonia include:

bacteria viruses fungal infections

While bacterial pneumonia is predominantly localized to an area of the lung and is unilateral, viral pneumonia is randomly distributed in all areas of both lungs varying from small patches or ground-glass opacities. In bacterial pneumonia, the predominant drug is antibiotics which are based on the organism identified in sputum culture or lab investigations whereas, in viral pneumonia, the role of antibiotics is less. But for a few viral infections, antiviral drugs can be used. The predominant treatment in viral infections is supportive care like fluid intake, paracetamol, antihistamines, and antitussives.

Viral pneumonia symptoms - Fever, cough that is likely to be dry initially but may produce yellow or green mucus, shortness of breath, shaking, chills, muscle aches, fatigue, malaise, weakness, loss of appetite, blue tint to the lips.

Bacterial pneumonia symptoms - Very high fever, shaking chills, or rigors, rapid breathing, shortness of breath, cough with blood or mucus, tiredness or lack of energy

Risk factors

being older than 65 or under years of age tobacco smoking alcohol or illicit drug abuse having a chronic illness, such as a heart, respiratory, or autoimmune disease having a compromised immune system, possibly due to cancer or HIV  recovering from a recent viral infection

Tests to confirm the diagnosis - chest X-ray, nasal swab to check for viruses, sputum culture of the mucus from the lungs, blood tests, including a complete blood count (CBC) to look for inflammatory markers, arterial blood gas test

Prevention

wash your hands frequently with warm water and soap get a flu shot avoid touching the nose or mouth take enough sleep exercise regularly eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables maintain physical and social distancing, stay away from people who are sneezing and coughing
Tags : #Health #Pneumonia #WorldPneumoniaDay #Viralinfection #BacterialPneumonia #ViralPneumonia #COVID19 #Medicircle #SmitaKumar

Related Stories

Loading Please wait...

-Advertisements-




Trending Now

Rare H9N2 Bird Flu Case Found in Four-Year-Old in India: WHO Highlights Ongoing RisksJune 15, 2024
Kerala Government Announces Aid Package After Kuwait Fire TragedyJune 15, 2024
EV Conference 24---Charging Up for e-mobility Minister Ponnam Prabhakar and Jayesh Ranjan among others to graceJune 14, 2024
Are we on track to end AIDS, end viral hepatitis and end STIs by 2030?June 14, 2024
HR Conclave Focusing on Future-Forward Engineering where Engineering and Management students meet their future employees, thus exposing students to real-world HR challenges and innovative solutionsJune 14, 2024
MAGGI Empowers 10 Women to Bring their Entrepreneurial dreams to lifeJune 13, 2024
FTCCI announced its Annual Excellence Awards and invites entries, last date is 20th June 2024June 13, 2024
Bird Flu Cases by Dr Praveen Gupta, Principle Director and Chief of Neurology, Fortis Hospital.June 13, 2024
Sova Health's $1 Million Seed Funding to Drive Gut Health InnovationJune 13, 2024
The Vital Role of Early Detection: Kevin Jonas on Battling Skin CancerJune 13, 2024
Zumutor Biologics Advances Cancer Care with Novel Immunotherapy ZM008: A First-in-Class Anti LLT1 AntibodyJune 13, 2024
HP Ghosh Hospital Unveils Innovative "Chest Tree" June 12, 2024
Olympus Enhances Innovation Capabilities by Expanding R&D to Hyderabad, IndiaJune 12, 2024
From the frontlines: Homeless person won over alcoholism, survived floods and defeated TBJune 12, 2024
The Role of Hormones in Obesity: Why Men and Women Gain Weight DifferentlyJune 12, 2024
Silent Killer: How a Young Mother’s Vision Loss Led to a Lung Cancer DiagnosisJune 12, 2024
TruAlt Bioenergy’s subsidiary, Leafiniti Bioenergy supplies over 1000 tons of Compressed Biogas to AG&P Pratham in just 5 monthsJune 11, 2024
Southeast Asia's Most Advanced Luxury Postpartum Centre Re'Joy Suites Opens in SingaporeJune 11, 2024
Poor Muscle Health in Obesity Can be A Major Risk Factor for Early DeathJune 11, 2024
Machine Learning Uncovers How Organ Ageing Impacts Health and LongevityJune 11, 2024