What is Menopausal Syndrome?

Every woman goes through a menopausal phase where there is a stoppage of menses due to hormonal changes and fluctuations. Let us give you some details about Menopausal Syndrome.

Menopause is a phase especially seen in elderly aged women above 50 years. It is a time that marks the end of the menstrual cycle in life. If you are diagnosed with stoppage of menses for more than 12 months or 1 year after the age of 50+, it is termed Menopausal Syndrome. This can happen early in life as well in the age group of 40-50. 

What is Menopause?

Menopause is a natural hormonal biological process that every woman goes through. There are hormonal changes in the body that may lead to the stoppage of menses and period flow. It may initially start with a scanty flow and gradually menses may stop. This phase of life is termed menopausal syndrome. 

Causes of Menopausal Syndrome

The causes of Menopausal Syndrome are as follows- 

  • Naturally declining reproductive hormones
  • Surgery to remove ovaries - oophorectomy
  • Cancer treatment -chemotherapy and radiation 
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency

Symptoms of Menopausal Syndrome

The symptoms of Menopausal Syndrome are as follows - 

  • Irregular menses 
  • Vaginal dryness 
  • Hot flushes 
  • Night sweats
  • Disturbed sleep 
  • Night sweats
  • Mood swings 
  • Weight gain 
  • Slow metabolism 
  • Gastric disturbances like constipation or bloating 
  • Thinning of hair 
  • Dryness of skin 
  • Sagging of skin 
  • Associated comorbidities like diabetes, hypothyroidism 
  • Lack of calcium, and bone loss leading to osteoporosis 

Remember, every woman is different and unique. The signs and symptoms may change and vary from person to person.  

There is another phase that a woman might experience which is called the perimenopause phase. In this phase, the menstrual period may skip and return. There may be alterations with irregular periods causing short or long monthly cycles. 

Complications of Menopausal Syndrome

The complications of the menopausal syndrome are as follows-

  • Cardiac issues like high cholesterol and diabetes 
  • Osteoporosis
  • Urinary incontinence 
  • Delayed sexual function
  • Weight gain 
  • Slow metabolism 
  • Gastric disturbance

How to prevent Menopausal Syndrome?

It is important to take precautions by regular visits to your doctor for preventing healthcare checks and other medical issues. It is important to continue it in the perimenopause, menopause, and post-menopause phase. It is suggested to go for- 

  • Health screening test 
  • Case consultations
  • Stress management 
  • Medical management 
  • Lifestyle modifications
Tags : #menopause #menopausalsyndrome #femaleproblems #womenhealth #medicircle #myhealth #smitakumar

About the Author

Dr. Rati Parwani

Dr Rati Parwani is a Practising Professional BHMS Doctor having experience of 8 years in the medical field. Her approach towards each and every patient is the utmost professional with high standards of practice. She has nurtured her writing skills and proves it as an asset to her professionalism. She has experience in content writing and likes her writing ethical and scientific-based.

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