Bone loss (Osteopenia) – Signs, risk factors and prevention

Age 30 is the peak of your bone health, where your bones reach their maximum strength this is known as peak bone mass. It is the time when your bones are the densest. After this, the bone density decreases over time. Here are some ways through which you can prevent the condition of osteoporosis.

Bone loss or Osteopenia is a condition when the body does not create a new bone as quickly as the old bone is getting reabsorbed. Osteopenia is the starting stage of osteoporosis or may later develop into osteoporosis which is the gradual weakening of bones over a period of time. In many cases, if a person’s bones are weak, merely a sneeze or a cough can cause breakage of ribs. 

It is a slow developing process, occurs gradually and many times doesn’t show signs or symptoms at all. 

Early signs of osteopenia are 

  • Hunching or stooped posture
  • Frequent backaches
  • Loss of bone in the jaw
  • Weakness from the previous injury or fracture
  • Back pain that gets worse when standing or walking, but gets a bit better when you lie down
  • Sudden severe back pain
  • Loss of height

Risk factors for bone loss

  • Being a female
  • Is having an alcohol addiction
  • Consume less calcium-rich diets
  • Smoke
  • Have a thin body frame
  • Have an early menopause
  • Have a history of anorexia nervosa (an eating disorder caused by an unexplained fear of food) in the family
  • Lead an inactive lifestyle
  • Have a history of Osteoporosis in the family


The only way to check the proper functioning of bone is by diagnosing the bone density parameter. 80% of bone density can be determined by heredity and 20% by lifestyle choices. Age 30 is the peak of your bone health, where your bones reach their maximum strength this is known as peak bone mass. Bone densitometry or blood test or ultrasound or QCT can be performed to test the bone mass. 

Lifestyle modification to prevent bone loss

  • Include calcium-rich food in your diet. Some sources are dairy products like yogurt, cheese, and milk. Spinach and broccoli, dried beans, salmon.
  • Vitamin D is essential for your body to absorb calcium, and can be found in eggs and in oily fish such as salmon.
  • It's also a good idea to spend 10 to 15 minutes in the sun twice a week because this helps convert inactive Vitamin D to an active form.
  • Weight-bearing exercises are suggested for strengthening the bones
  • Refrain from toxic habits such as smoking and alcohol consumption
  • Cut down on carbonated beverages and unhealthy eating.

(Disclaimer: The content on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be taken as professional medical advice.  Always seek the guidance of your doctor or other health professionals for any questions you may have regarding your health or a medical condition.)


Tags : #Boneloss #osteopenia #Osteoporosis #Bonedensity #Bonedensityindex #Calciumforbones #VitaminDforbones #Exercise #Healthlifestyle #Medicircle #Smitakumar

Related Stories

Loading Please wait...


Trending Now

FORSYS Inc opens new office in financial districtFebruary 29, 2024
The Rise in Patients Requiring Revision Hip Replacement SurgeryFebruary 29, 2024
Aakash Launches Study Material in BengaliFebruary 29, 2024
Harmony in Action: Nisarg Srishti's Dual Impact Initiative Unleashes a Symphony of Change at Sane Guruji Shikshan Sanshtha, Pragati VidyalayaFebruary 29, 2024
Wearable Tech in the Bedroom: Introducing Loop, MyMuse’s Vibrating Ring Massager for MenFebruary 28, 2024
TechInvention Lifecare announces the ground breaking of its state-of-the-art Global Collaborative Centre for Medical Countermeasures February 28, 2024
Endocrine Disorders: Causes, Tests And TreatmentFebruary 28, 2024
Çelebi Delhi Cargo Terminal Management Bolsters Security and Efficiency with "CargoCEL," Barcode Scanning UpgradeFebruary 28, 2024
Venkaiah Naidu unveiled a book “There I Was” authored by Mrs Aruna Ravi KumarFebruary 27, 2024
Maxivision Super Specialty Eye Hospitals introduces Schwind Amaris 500, a state-of-the-art German InnovationFebruary 27, 2024
Maximising circular economy strategies for rare earth elements supplyFebruary 27, 2024
FICCI Ladies Organization organised an interaction with one of the doyens of the Indian IT industry Dr BVR Mohan ReddyFebruary 27, 2024
Nat Habit strengthens leadership to accelerate its growth journey to 500 Cr; onboards Ankita Srivastava (ex-L’Oreal, Reckitt, Marico, Raymond Consumer Care) as Chief Marketing OfficerFebruary 27, 2024
Shiprocket Launches Aarambh 2024 for Women-Led SMEs NationwideFebruary 27, 2024
Treatment is prevention: Stop the spread of infection by finding all and treating all TBFebruary 27, 2024
Advancing Healthcare Access: ScreenHer initiative in Pakistan close to reaching milestone of 20,000 diabetes screenings in 70 clinics February 26, 2024
FICCI Ladies Organization organized an interaction with one of the doyens of Indian IT industry Dr BVR Mohan ReddyFebruary 26, 2024
Former Secretary General of SCSC, Krishna Yedula conferred with Doctorate in HumanityFebruary 25, 2024
Project Champion School Games held February 25, 2024
Daksha 3.0, a nation level techno-test organised by Anurag University concludedFebruary 25, 2024