Cardiac arrest – How to perform CPR - Medicircle

Cardiac arrest is a medical emergency that requires CPR and AED as its first aid. Know some warning signs of cardiac arrest. Also learn the correct procedure to perform CPR for an adult.

Cardiac arrest is a serious health condition that occurs when the heart stops pumping blood around the body. In cardiac arrest, the person stops breathing and loses his/her consciousness immediately. It can be fatal if action is not taken promptly. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) are two significant steps that can save a person’s life from cardiac arrest.

Cardiac arrest Causes

Ventricular fibrillation (VF) is the most common cause of cardiac arrest. During this, the electrical activity of the heart becomes erratic, causing the heart to fibrillate and not beat. It can be a result of different heart-related problems like heart failure, coronary artery disease (CAD), heart attack.

Ventricular fibrillation can be because of other events such as suffocation/choking, hemorrhage, allergic reaction, drowning, drug overdose.

Warning signs

Cardiac arrest may come without warning signs while some may experience signs such as

Chest pain,





After-effects of cardiac arrest

unconscious, unresponsive, not breathing

Emergency treatment (First aid for cardiac arrest)

CPR - CPR is the vital first aid procedure that can save a person’s life. The procedure differs for infants, children, and adults. Before starting CPR, check if the person responds to verbal or physical stimuli. We all should know how to perform CPR. CPR performed within the first few minutes of the heart-stopping can keep someone alive until medical help arrives.

Procedure for adult

1. Place your heel on the person’s breastbone in the center of their chest. Interlock your fingers with your second hand on top of your first.

2. Make sure your shoulders are higher than your hands.

3. Press straight down on their chest for 5 to 6 cm (2 to 2.5 inches) using your whole weight (not just your arms).

4. Release the compression and let the chest return to its natural position while keeping your hands on the chest.

5. Repeat at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions each minute.

6. After every 30-chest compression, take two rescue breaths. Gently tilt the victim’s head back and lift the chin with two fingers. Pinch the person’s nose. Seal your mouth over theirs for about 1 second, blowing steadily and firmly into their mouth. Make sure their chest rises.

7. Continue this, 30 chest compressions followed by 2 rescue breaths until the victim gets back his consciousness or an ambulance comes.


Use of an electric shock given directly to the chest wall to normalize VF. It is carried out through a machine called a defibrillator.

Disclaimer: The content on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be taken as professional medical advice.  Always seek the guidance of your doctor or other health professionals for any questions you may have regarding your health or a medical condition.

Tags : #Health #AED #CPR #Cardiacarrest #Heartattack #Heartfailure #CAD #Hearthealth #Heartdisorders #Defibrillation #Cardiacarrestsigna #Cardiacarrestcauses #Firstaid #Firstaidforcardiacarrest #Medicircle #SmitaKumar

About the Author

Renu Gupta

With a background in Pharmacy which is the clinical health science that links medical science with chemistry, I had the desire to mix creativity to these fields. Medicircle provides me an avenue to apply my training in science and interest in creativity together.

View Profile

Related Stories

Loading Please wait...


Trending Now

Exploring the Link Between Covid-19 Vaccination and Sudden Cardiac Arrests: ICMR StudyNovember 22, 2023
Powering the Future: China's Biodegradable Wireless System for Bioelectronic InnovationNovember 22, 2023
IMS BHU Pioneers Advanced Cardiac Care: Unveiling Cutting-Edge Technologies for Precise DiagnosisNovember 18, 2023
Inito's $6 Million Boost: Transforming Women's Health with AI-Backed Fertility MonitoringNovember 18, 2023
Madras High Court Advocates for Equality: PG Medical Students to Receive Incentive Marks for COVID-19 DutyNovember 18, 2023
Next-Gen Healthcare: CarePods and AI Redefine the Patient ExperienceNovember 17, 2023
Air Quality Crisis: Alarming Rise in Premature Births Linked to Air Quality in Begusarai, BiharNovember 17, 2023
Limerick Contest-2023: A Celebration of Wit and PoetryNovember 17, 2023
IIIT-Hyderabad among top 100 institutions for 5G Use Case LabNovember 17, 2023
Powerful, motivating and inspiring talks marked TEDx Hyderabad Women 2023 which was held with the theme "Two Steps ForwardNovember 17, 2023
Speaking the Diagnosis: How AI in Voice Analysis Is Revolutionizing Diabetes DetectionNovember 17, 2023
FDA Approves Zepbound: A New Medication for Weight Loss by Eli LillyNovember 17, 2023
CoverSelf Raises $8.2 Million in Seed Funding to Revolutionize Healthcare Claims with Innovative Fintech PlatformNovember 16, 2023
From Miracle to Medic: The Extraordinary Journey of India's First Paediatric Liver Transplant RecipientNovember 16, 2023
Combatting Chikungunya: Valneva's Chikungunya Vaccine Cleared by USFDA, Eyes India LaunchNovember 16, 2023
Global Corporate Summit 2023 with the theme Unlocking Opportunities in a Dynamic World heldNovember 16, 2023
2nd IHub-Data Mobility Summit heldNovember 16, 2023
Revolutionary AI-powered technology detects multiple abdominal pathologies simultaneouslyNovember 16, 2023
1 Out of 3 Stroke Patients Suffer Long-Term Health Complications, Says NeurologistNovember 16, 2023
Amrita Hospital, Kochi, Launches App for People with Swallowing DifficultiesNovember 15, 2023