Monkeypox is an infectious disease already known and widespread in Africa and rare in humans, caused by infection with the monkeypox virus, a 'cousin' of human smallpox, but in terms of prevalence and severity. is very different.
Although the disease mainly affects animals, since the virus has the ability to infect various species, outbreaks of monkeys have reached humans: the first case was reported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1970.
So far three cases with mild symptoms have been identified in Italy, but we cannot speak for alarm.
The Ministry of Health, the Istituto Superiore di Sanità, and the regions immediately established a system to monitor cases.
Origin of monkeypox
Monkeypox is a virus that was first identified in 1958 in captive monkeys and then in 1970 in a person in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Since then, the disease in humans has been mainly reported in Central and West Africa, but sporadic cases have been detected in the United States, Israel, Singapore, and the United Kingdom, which have always been associated with the travel or transport of animals from at-risk areas. are associated with.
The disease begins with-
- Muscle pain
- Back pain
- Swollen lymph nodes
Within 1-3 days of onset of fever (approximately) the patient develops a rash, often beginning on the face and then on the body, which manifests itself
The duration of the disease: 2-4 weeks.
How does monkeypox spread?
Transmission occurs when a person comes into contact with the virus which is mostly airborne
From human to human, the virus can be transmitted through
Drops of saliva (drops)
Exposure to body fluids
Exposure to skin lesions
How is monkeypox cured?
The disease gets cured on its own in 2 to 4 weeks without adequate rest and without any special treatment.
In the presence of vesicles or other skin manifestations it is advisable to consult one's general practitioner, who may consider giving antivirals if necessary.
Basically, as with other infectious diseases, it's a good idea to be wary of coming into contact with people who show symptoms and are potentially at risk.
In case of illness, the infected patient should be isolated and the caregiver should take care to wash hands thoroughly and frequently and use personal protection. Device.
Although there is a vaccine for monkeypox, there is no data on its actual efficacy, just as we are not yet sure whether the population over the age of 50 would benefit from the protection provided by 'real' smallpox vaccination programs.