In 2019, more than 141 million children will be born: 73 million boys and 68 million girls . Based on recent mortality risks the boys will live, on average, 69.8 years and the girls 74.2 years – a difference of 4.4 years. Life expectancy at age 60 years is also greater for women than men: 21.9 versus 19.0 years.
Women have a longer life expectancy than men at all ages.Although the absolute difference in life expectancy decreases with age, the proportional difference increases from age 1 year up to age 80 years before it declines. Thus, women can expect to live 7.6% longer than men at age 20 years, and 14% longer at age 80 years. Differences in
global life expectancy between men and women increased between 1950 and 1990 but have subsequently decreased .
Between 2000 and 2016 global life expectancy at birth, for both sexes combined, increased by 5.5 years, from 66.5 to 72.0 years. Healthy life expectancy (HALE) also increased, from 58.5 years in 2000 to 63.3 years in 2016; however, so did the number of equivalent years of full health lost through living in unhealthy states, increasing from 8.0 to 8.6 years.
In 2016, an adult aged 60 years could expect to live another 20.5 years, while HALE at 60 years was 15.8 – that is, the equivalent years of full health lost was almost a quarter of the remaining life expectancy (4.7 years or 23%).Women not only have a longer life expectancy than men at birth but also a longer HALE at birth (64.8 years versus 62.0) and at age 60 years (16.8 versus 14.8 years).However, the number of equivalent years of full health lost through living in unhealthy states is also larger (9.5 versus 7.8 years)
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