Why inhalers are best for treating asthma, well illustrated by Dr. Anil Singal

Asthma is a chronic disease, it is going to be there for a long time. Inhalers are very effective in small doses with fast action, hence it is very safe. Side effects are also minimal. Inhalers are much safer than oral medication. They are useful as an emergency reliever, expresses Dr. Anil Singal, Pulmonologist, TB, and Chest Specialist

Asthma is an inflammation and obstruction of the bronchial tubes, passages that allow air to enter and leave the lungs. During an asthma attack, muscles surrounding bronchial tubes constrict, narrowing the air passage making it difficult to breathe. The duration of the attack may vary depending upon the course. At Medicircle, on the occasion of World Asthma Day, we are speaking to eminent Pulmonologist, Respiratory Therapists, Paediatricians to build awareness regarding respiratory-related diseases and their available treatments.

Dr. Anil Kumar Singal is a renowned Pulmonologist, TB and Chest Specialist, and a Family Physician in Mumbai. He has 26 years of experience in the medical field. He has completed his MD in TB and Chest Medicine from Mumbai. Currently, he is a Chief Medical Officer at BEST, Mumbai, and a Consulting Physician to the State Bank of India. He runs his own clinic with the name Maniben Health Clinic in Mumbai. He has worked on TB, HIV, Tobacco, and COVID and has been acknowledged at various National and International platforms.

What is Asthma?

Dr. Anil describes, “Asthma is a chronic disease that involves airways in lungs. These bronchial tubes allow air to come in and out of the lungs. If anyone has asthma, these air tubes are narrowed and inflamed. Due to the narrowing of passage, there is an obstruction in passing air thus hindering the flow of air. When something triggers, this makes it more difficult for air to move in and out of the lungs. A person may feel tightness in the chest, coughing, shortness of breath, suffocation, may become a hunger for air.”

Dr. Anil speaks, “There are many variants of asthma- 

United airway disease – Patients have cold and this cold gets converted into asthma. It is a kind of sinus. Allergic / Seasonal response – some people are allergic to dust, pollens, or pets, exposing them to these things can worsen their condition. A change in weather could also trigger their condition. Occupational – It is caused due to exposure to substances in the workplace, causing narrowing of airways. For eg. – a mechanic working in the automobile sector. Acidity – There is a connection between GERD and asthma, acid regurgitation can worsen asthma symptoms.”

Dr. Anil adds, “These variants are the triggering factors. When an asthmatic person comes in contact with these, the person starts experiencing asthma symptoms. When the person breathes, he feels wheezing. So, during an asthma attack, this airway gets narrowed and blocked, the person is unable to breathe and its saturation level drops down. If it doesn’t get treated on time, the person may get severe or lethal or die also. When the patient is exposed to any triggering factors, he gets attack and between any two attacks, the person is all normal.”

The history of the patient plays a major role

Dr. Anil talks, “We track history of the patient, sometimes it runs in family. There can be a history of any allergic reactions not necessarily of asthma to anyone in the family, these kinds of patients are more prone to get bronchial asthma. The asthmatic patient often gets cold and takes a long time to get a cure during their childhood also. Geographical distribution of their stay also plays a major role.”

Ways to diagnose asthma

Dr. Anil expresses, “ECG is used to check heart rhythm of asthma patients. We can do a pulmonary function test to diagnose the asthma attack. Allergic tests can be performed through a blood or skin test. There is a rise in IgE levels while doing a blood test for allergic asthma. If the patient has the problem of sinus, we can do a chest X-ray to see if there is any inflammation.”

Peak flow meter

Dr. Anil states, “Peak flow meter is a portable, hand held device used to measure the amount of air that can be expelled from the lungs. The normal score is 400-700 liters per minute. To take the reading in peak flow meter, one has to blow hard in a single attempt and take the reading. By this method, we can anticipate asthma attack and can take necessary precautionary step to avoid the severity of attack.”

Inhalers are ideal for the treatment of asthma 

Dr. Anil emphasizes, “There are many treatments available in the market, the ideal is an inhaler. As it is a disease of the airway, inhalers act directly at the desired site. It helps to open the airway and lets more air move in and out of your lungs and helps to breathe more easily. Advantages of inhalers – lower quantity of drug is required, gives quick action, has lesser side effects.” 

Oral medications have some limitations

Dr. Anil voices, “Asthma is a chronic disease, it is going to be there for a long time. Inhalers are very effective in small doses with faster action, hence it is very safe. If we are using in small doses, there are fewer chances of side effects also. Inhalers are much safer than oral medication. Personally, I prefer the use of inhalers over oral medicines. We can take inhalers for regular use whereas oral medications have some limitations. Along with this, a doctor’s consultation is also important. If asthma is in control, one can stop using inhalers, but they always have to keep it with themselves for emergency use. Inhalers are useful as an emergency reliever as well as in long run as preventive measures. So, inhalers are a very good option for treating asthma.

(Edited by Renu Gupta)

 

Contributed By: Dr. Anil Singal, Pulmonologist, TB, and Chest Specialist
Tags : #World-Asthma-Day-Awareness-Series #DrAnilKumarSingal #ManibenHealthClinic #Medicircle #SmitaKumar

About the Author


Renu Gupta

With a background in Pharmacy which is the clinical health science that links medical science with chemistry, I had the desire to mix creativity to these fields. Medicircle provides me an avenue to apply my training in science and interest in creativity together.

Related Stories

Loading Please wait...
-Advertisements-


Trending Now

PM addresses the Nation today, announces free vaccinesJune 07, 2021
Why inhalers are best for treating asthma, well illustrated by Dr. Anil SingalMay 12, 2021
Dr. Rohan Palshetkar shares his invaluable insights about the Maternal Mortality Rate causes and improvements in India April 29, 2021
It is important to adopt a non-judgmental attitude towards any teenage girl seeking contraceptive advise suggests Dr. Teena Trivedi, Obstetrician and GynecologistApril 16, 2021
80% of the diseases are psychosomatic which means they have roots in the mind and this is where homeopathy steps in - It resolves physical ailments by finding the cause in the mind – Dr. Sanket Dhuri, Consultant Homeopath April 14, 2021
A futuristic Vision of a Healthcare Entrepreneur: Shyatto Raha, CEO, and Founder of MyHealthcareApril 12, 2021
Saher Mehdi, Founder and Chief Scientist at wellOwise talks about aspects making healthcare more equitable and reachableApril 10, 2021
Wide variety of therapies to address autism in children explained by Dr. Shilpa Jasubhai, Clinical PsychologistApril 09, 2021
Allopathic and Homeopathic medicines should not be taken together says Dr. Sunil Mehra, Homeopath ConsultantApril 08, 2021
The charm of homeopathic medicine is that it can be taken with conventional medicines – Dr. Shruthi Shridhar, Consulting Homeopath April 08, 2021
Dissociative Identity Disorder and associated concepts explained by Dr. Vinod Kumar, Psychiatrist and Head of Mpower - The Centre (Bangalore) April 07, 2021
Dissociative Identity Disorder explained by Dr. Shilpa Jasubhai, Clinical PsychologistApril 05, 2021
Sehat Ki Baat, Karishma Ke Saath- Episode 6 Healthy Diet For Boosting Metabolism Which Can Help Thyroid Patients April 03, 2021
Significant Pointers on Kidney Health by Dr. Santosh Waigankar, Consultant Urooncologist and Robotic Surgeon at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani HospitalApril 01, 2021
Dr. Vaishal Kenia, Ophthalmologist Talks About the Different Possibilities Available for the Treatment of Glaucoma Depending Upon Their Type and SeverityMarch 30, 2021
No Definitive Role of Diet in Treatment of Lymphedema but Intake of Calories, Salt and Long Chain Fatty Acids should be controlled says Dr. Ramani CVMarch 30, 2021
Dr. Kiran Chandra Patro, Senior Nephrologist Talks About Dialysis as the Temporary Process and Not a Permanent Cure for the Patients of Renal DysfunctionMarch 30, 2021
Two out of three new chronic kidney disease patients are found to have diabetes or hypertension informs Dr. Sreeharsha HarinathaMarch 30, 2021
Glaucoma Treatment: Medications or Surgery? A valuable piece of advice from Dr. Pranay Kapdia, Chairman and Medical Director of Kapadia Eye CareMarch 25, 2021
Dr. Shraddha Satav, Consultant Ophthalmologist Recommends that Everybody After 40, Should Go for the Complete Eye Checkup at Regular IntervalMarch 25, 2021