All you need to know about Meningitis

Although meningitis is uncommon in India, it is still something to be concerned about. For awareness, learn more about meningitis.

Meningitis is an inflammation in brain and spinal cord membranes which is caused by an infection. An infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord usually causes swelling. There are many causes of meningitis; therefore, it is very important to know the cause of meningitis as the treatment differs accordingly to get the proper treatments.

Viral and bacterial infections are the most common causes of meningitis; however, some kinds of injuries, chronic diseases, or drugs can also cause meningitis.

Causes of Meningitis:

  • Viral infection
  • Bacterial infection
  • Meningococcal bacteria
  • Pneumococcal bacteria
  • Haemophilus influenza type b

Symptoms of meningitis in infants or children:

  • Low appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Rash
  • Diarrhea
  • Respiratory symptoms

Symptoms of meningitis in adults:

  • Stiff neck
  • Headaches
  • Fever
  • Sensitivity to bright lights
  • Nausea
  • Sleepiness

Types of Meningitis:

Viral Meningitis - Viral meningitis is a more common cause and less severe type of meningitis. Vaccines can prevent some kinds of viral meningitis.

Bacterial Meningitis - Bacterial meningitis is a more severe and deadly type of meningitis. It needs immediate medical attention.

Fungal meningitis - This type of meningitis is rare. People can get it by inhaling fungal spores from the environment. Cancer, HIV, and diabetes patients are more likely to develop fungal meningitis.

Parasitic Meningitis - Several parasites can cause meningitis and affect the brain or nervous system. It is much less common than other types of meningitis.

Amebic Meningitis - The fatal amebic meningitis caused by the unusual ameba Naegleria fowleri, which dwells in warm water and soil, is rare.

Non-infectious Meningitis - Head injuries, brain surgeries, and certain drugs can cause meningitis.

Some meningitis can get better on its own, but some can be life-threatening and would require immediate medical treatment.

Meningococcal Disease

This is caused by bacteria called Neisseria meningitides. Symptoms include fever, fatigue, cold hands and feet, rapid breathing, and severe aches in the muscles, joints, chest, or abdomen. In the advanced stages, a dark purple rash appears. Also meningococcal disease and meningitis are not the same. Having meningitis doesn't mean that you have Meningococcal disease, and having Meningococcal disease doesn't always mean that you have meningitis.

Timely medical care must be obtained. Therefore, act immediately if you notice any symptoms.

Tags : #myhealth #meningitis #meningococcal #influenza #neumococo #medicine #brainsurgery #newborn #smitakumar #medicircle

About the Author

Mansi Kamble

I like listening to music, love reading and writing is my passion. Healthcare has always been a curious topic for me. I even watched some medical dramas like Chicago Med & Grey's Anatomy. So, here I am exploring my passion in the field of my interest.

Related Stories

Loading Please wait...


Trending Now

Seminar on RERA: Concerns in Real Estate heldDecember 09, 2023
Commonwealth youth leaders want action, not just rhetoric at COP28December 09, 2023
South India’s biggest Gaushala, Satyam Shivam Sundaram Gau Nivas to conduct Annakut Celebrations on Sunday on the eve of its 23rd AnniversaryDecember 08, 2023
Center for Diagnostics and Telemedicine Introduces Groundbreaking Service – Preliminary Clinical and Technical Testing for Medical SoftwareDecember 08, 2023
FTCCI to hold a Seminar on RERA: Concerns in Real EstateDecember 08, 2023
Adoption of Public Health Strategies and Early Detection Key for Cancer Mitigation: ExpertsDecember 08, 2023
Are online spaces safe for women?December 08, 2023
Prescribing Equality: Tackling Gender Disparities in India's Healthcare LeadershipDecember 07, 2023
Digitalizing Health: Generative AI's Impact Amplified by AWS Cloud in IndiaDecember 07, 2023
Eyes on the Future: Dr. Agarwal's Group Channels Rs 100 Crore for Cutting-edge Eye Hospitals Across KeralaDecember 06, 2023
Organ Transplant Scandal: Apollo Hospital Faces Government InquiryDecember 06, 2023
Breaking Barriers in Cancer Treatment: Max Healthcare's CAR-T Therapy PartnershipDecember 06, 2023
Exploring the Link Between Covid-19 Vaccination and Sudden Cardiac Arrests: ICMR StudyNovember 22, 2023
Powering the Future: China's Biodegradable Wireless System for Bioelectronic InnovationNovember 22, 2023
IMS BHU Pioneers Advanced Cardiac Care: Unveiling Cutting-Edge Technologies for Precise DiagnosisNovember 18, 2023
Inito's $6 Million Boost: Transforming Women's Health with AI-Backed Fertility MonitoringNovember 18, 2023
Madras High Court Advocates for Equality: PG Medical Students to Receive Incentive Marks for COVID-19 DutyNovember 18, 2023
Next-Gen Healthcare: CarePods and AI Redefine the Patient ExperienceNovember 17, 2023
Air Quality Crisis: Alarming Rise in Premature Births Linked to Air Quality in Begusarai, BiharNovember 17, 2023
Limerick Contest-2023: A Celebration of Wit and PoetryNovember 17, 2023