Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that originates in the gland cells of the prostate. The prostate gland is found in only men. Prostate cancer is a common occurrence in men. The definite cause of this cancer is not known yet. But various studies have confirmed that family history, old age, and obesity can lead to this cancer. Symptoms include blood during urination, painful urination, blood in the semen, burning sensation while urinating, frequent urination, interrupted urine flow, and enlarged prostate.
Did you know 1 in 8 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime? About 6 cases in 10 are diagnosed in men who are 65 or older, and it is rare in men under 40. The average age of men at diagnosis is about 66.
It is important for you to be aware of this problem of prostate cancer which will help you deal with it. One may have to undergo surgery or radiotherapy in the early stages and combination treatments like hormone therapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and bisphosphonate therapy in advanced stages.
We at Medicircle are conducting the Prostate Cancer Awareness Series to be aware of this problem of prostate cancer which will help you deal with it.
Dr. Pravin Govardhane is a senior consultant Urologist, andrologist, and Kidney transplant surgeon working at Apollo Hospital Nashik. He has 12 years of experience in Urology. He has vast experience in Kidney transplant surgery and minimally invasive surgery. He has performed 76 successful kidney transplants at Apollo hospital Nashik. He has performed many complex surgeries successfully at Apollo Hospital Nashik. He has vast experience in treating prostate cancer patients.
All you need to know about prostate cancer
Dr. Pravin says, “Prostate cancer is generally found in males. The prostate gland is a reproductive organ in males. This is not found in females.”
Causes of prostate cancer
Dr. Pravin says, “The causes of prostate cancer are-
Age-related about 60 years or around 80 years Genetic causes or familial tendency Black race Vitamin D deficiency Obese and overweight patient High-fat diet.”
Screening of prostate cancer
Dr. Pravin states, “Prostate cancer is very common in India. There are many cases diagnosed at a late stage. There is a simple test through which prostate cancer can be diagnosed. Early detection can lead to a good recovery from prostate cancer. Advanced stage prostate cancer can be difficult in cases of recovery. Screening can be done in elderly age groups rather than the normal population. Serum PSA can be used for screening. Along with this -
Physical examination by a specialist
Warning signs related to urinary issues
PET scan to detect the stage of cancer.”
Spread of prostate cancer
Dr. Pravin emphasizes, “Prostate cancer is generally diagnosed at an advanced stage. In the early stage, it is confined to the prostate gland and recovery is possible. However, in advanced stages, it may spread to other parts of the body. The common parts affected in the advanced stage of prostate cancer are -
Bone cancer Spine cancer Lung cancer Liver cancer Lymph nodes cancer.”
Recurrence of prostate cancer
Dr. Pravin informs, “In the early stage, when cancer is confined to the gland, surgery can be done and it can be removed. However, a strong follow-up is a must during the first two years. There are high chances of relapse. In the case of an advanced stage, regular medicines with hormonal treatment are a must. Strong follow-ups are a must. Stepwise management and treatment give good control. Prostate cancer needs strong follow-up for 5 years. Hormonal therapy can help in leading a normal life. The reason for death is very low in case of prostate cancer.”
(Edited by Dr.Rati Parwani)#World-Diabetes-Day-Awareness-Series#World-Diabetes-Day-Awareness-Series