Anxiety is a feeling of discomfort and worry that is often associated with a range of physical sensations. We may experience anxiety when we go for a job interview, start something new, or when we try to confront something we are scared of.
There are many types of anxiety disorders including phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Anxiety disorders vary depending on how one responds to anxiety. Anxiety disorders are associated with the experience of fear and anxiety that can interrupt day-to-day functioning.
Difficulty in breathing
Increased muscle tension
Sense of helplessness
1. Genetic factor
2. Biochemical factor
3. Personal factor – Certain types of people are more vulnerable – shy, low esteem, perfectionists
4. Life events – Loss of loved one, going for a job interview
Managing anxiety - You can manage anxiety by these strategies
1. Regular exercise and eating a well-balanced diet
2. Learning and practicing breathing and relaxation exercise (technique)
3. Accepting your fears and anxiety, getting aware of it
4. Challenging negative and unhelpful thinking
5. Social support – Friends and family can play an important role in providing support
You can also take help from medical health professionals. If identified early, this can be treated very well.
Psychological treatment – Cognitive Behavioural Therapy – It helps people respond effectively to anxiety-provoking situations. This also includes developing a range of skills to identify and manage emotions effectively.
In some cases, antidepressant medications can also be prescribed by doctors.
(Disclaimer: The content on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be taken as professional medical advice. Always seek the guidance of your doctor or other health professionals for any questions you may have regarding your health or a medical condition.)