Anxiety – Symptoms, risk factors, management

Anxiety is a feeling of discomfort and worry. There are many types of anxiety disorders like Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD).

Anxiety is a feeling of discomfort and worry that is often associated with a range of physical sensations. We may experience anxiety when we go for a job interview, start something new, or when we try to confront something we are scared of. 

There are many types of anxiety disorders including phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Anxiety disorders vary depending on how one responds to anxiety. Anxiety disorders are associated with the experience of fear and anxiety that can interrupt day-to-day functioning.

Symptoms 

Difficulty in breathing

Irritability, confusion

Increased muscle tension

Intense fear

Nausea, vomiting

Sense of helplessness

Dizziness, lightheadedness

Risk factors

1. Genetic factor

2. Biochemical factor 

3. Personal factor – Certain types of people are more vulnerable – shy, low esteem, perfectionists

4. Life events – Loss of loved one, going for a job interview

Managing anxiety - You can manage anxiety by these strategies

1. Regular exercise and eating a well-balanced diet

2. Learning and practicing breathing and relaxation exercise (technique)

3. Accepting your fears and anxiety, getting aware of it

4. Challenging negative and unhelpful thinking

5. Social support – Friends and family can play an important role in providing support

You can also take help from medical health professionals. If identified early, this can be treated very well.

Psychological treatment – Cognitive Behavioural Therapy – It helps people respond effectively to anxiety-provoking situations. This also includes developing a range of skills to identify and manage emotions effectively.

In some cases, antidepressant medications can also be prescribed by doctors.

(Disclaimer: The content on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be taken as professional medical advice.  Always seek the guidance of your doctor or other health professionals for any questions you may have regarding your health or a medical condition.)

 

Tags : #Health #Anxiety #Depression #Mentalhealth #Mentaldisorder #Mentalwellbeing #Psychologicaldisorder #OCD #PTSD #GAD #Medicircle #Smitakumar

About the Author


Renu Gupta

With a background in Pharmacy which is the clinical health science that links medical science with chemistry, I had the desire to mix creativity to these fields. Medicircle provides me an avenue to apply my training in science and interest in creativity together.

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