World Thyroid Day - 25 th April 2021 - Awareness and understanding of thyroid is important

Let us dedicate this day - 25 th April 2021 which is World Thyroid Day (WTD) to all the thyroid patients who are committed to the treatment of thyroid. Get involved this World thyroid day to bring out awareness, education, and help understand thyroid better.

World Thyroid Day is an annual awareness day that was established in the year 2008 during the congress session of the European Thyroid Association (ETA). The International Thyroid Awareness Week is observed from May 25 th to May 31st to promote awareness and educate people about the understanding of thyroid conditions and challenges faced by thyroid patients. 

Regular screening is a must for thyroid patients

Many people suffer from thyroid but most of them remain unaware of it. It is important to check to get regular screening done to exclude the problem of thyroid disorders. Another valid reason for the undiagnosed cases of the thyroid is this asymptomatic. Many thyroid patients have no symptoms for a long time. There is a need to check these cases in order to determine mild symptoms and get them treated right away. 

Know the root cause of the problem 

Around 1.6 billion people worldwide are thought to be at risk. Hundreds of millions are living with this problem of thyroid disorders. Up to 60 % of those living with thyroid are often undiagnosed and may be struggling with everyday symptoms without actually knowing the root cause of the problem. 

However, once diagnosed the thyroid disorder can be treated. The International Thyroid Awareness Week (ITAW) campaign is pushing hard to help people understand the importance of thyroid testing and help people globally fight thyroid disorders

All you need to know about the thyroid gland

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the middle and lower part of the neck. Thyroid hormones play a very important role in regulating metabolism. Metabolism is basically the body’s ability to convert food into energy. It helps the body carry out various functions of the body. To carry out various functions, energy is a must. This energy conversion world at the cellular level helps in digestion, assimilation, and absorption of the nutrients from the food.  


The main function of the thyroid is to control the body's metabolic rate. It is also known as the master gland of metabolism. 

In order to control the metabolic rate, it produces three hormones 

T3 Triiodothyronine  T4 Thyroxine  TSH Thyroid Stimulating Hormone 

These hormones instructs the body to convert food into energy which is available to the body to carry out various functions. In the early stages of the thyroid disorder, the patient may not notice any signs and symptoms. It is important to immediately consult your doctor if you have any unusual signs and symptoms. 

Thyroid disorders 

There are two conditions of the thyroid

Hypothyroidism = Underactive Thyroid  Hyperthyroidism = Overactive thyroid 

 How to maintain a healthy thyroid gland?

Here are some tips to maintain healthy thyroid 

Increase Iodine intake  Staying lean and healthy  Increase intake of antioxidants which can prevent aging of the thyroid  Consuming vitamins and minerals which are essential for thyroid function  Consuming essential minerals such as Zinc and Selenium 

How to observe World Thyroid Day (WTD)?

World Thyroid Day (WTD) must be observed not only by thyroid patients but also by clinicians and researchers to hold educational seminars and make people aware of thyroid disorders. The public must be encouraged to learn more about thyroid conditions to help them fight off thyroid with ease and to avoid overall complications.  

Tags : #WorldThyroidDay #WTD #thyroiddisorders #thyroidsymptoms #medicircle

About the Author

Dr. Rati Parwani

Dr Rati Parwani is a Practising Professional BHMS Doctor having experience of 8 years in the medical field. Her approach towards each and every patient is the utmost professional with high standards of practice. She has nurtured her writing skills and proves it as an asset to her professionalism. She has experience in content writing and likes her writing ethical and scientific-based.

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